Skip to main content
Unpublished Paper
Republican Values
  • Arthur Lang
Publication Date
December, 2005
When the Congress of the Confederation in 1787 guaranteed equal statehood to its territories creating the most democratic colonial policy ever, it declared in Article Three of the Northwest Ordinance, “Religion, morality, and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools shall forever be encouraged.” Ask me why I teach math and science, and I would answer, the same reason why I teach history and government, to make the student into an autonomous individual, a thinking citizen with duty to country and neighbors, who seeks justice in the community. A liberal education in mathematics, science, history, and literature cultivates reason and knowledge, developing the ability to make practical choices and most importantly, the moral sensibilities of the student.
Citation Information
Arthur Lang. "Republican Values" (2005)
Available at: