Potentially avoidable, or primary care sensitive, emergency department (PCS ED) visits include non-emergencies and problems that potentially could have been prevented with better primary care. Our goal was to summarize the literature on the predictors of PCS ED visits. A total of 16 articles met all inclusion criteria. Characteristics found to predict PCS ED use included being female, African American, and/or covered by Medicaid. Studies defined a PCS ED visit in various ways, complicating the question of how best to prevent such visits. We identified several gaps in the literature, including lack of recent, nationally representative data; little clarity on modeling methods used; and wide variation in how PCS ED use was defined. If holding primary care providers accountable for reducing avoidable ED use is the goal, better tools for categorizing, recognizing, and predicting PCS ED visits will be needed.
- emergency department,
- systematic review
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/arlene_ash/164/