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OUT OF SYNC: Shared Lessons From India and Turkey on World Bank Funding and Post-disaster Planning for Housing Recovery
Natural Hazards Review (2014)
  • Emel Ganapati, Florida International University
  • Anuradha Mukherji, East Carolina University
Abstract
The World Bank is increasingly at the forefront of housing reconstruction in countries affected by disasters. Yet, the literature on World Bank's post-disaster housing projects is rather thin. In this paper, we examine the post-disaster housing reconstruction processes of two disaster projects financed by the World Bank in India and Turkey following the 2001 Gujarat and 1999 Marmara earthquakes. Based on interviews, focus groups, participant observation, and review of secondary sources, we focus on the Bank-related factors that affected the housing recovery processes and outcomes. While acknowledging the role of the recipient governments of India and Turkey in housing recovery, we argue that the housing reconstruction components of both projects reflected a sense of urgency about completion in part due to the Bank's emergency recovery loan mechanism and measures of project success. In addition, the projects were not flexible enough to allow for addressing the challenges faced during the implementation process—specifically, the challenges of synchronizing housing reconstruction with planning, land readjustment and participation—in part due to the Bank's strict institutions and organizational routines and its organizational culture.
Publication Date
2014
Citation Information
Emel Ganapati and Anuradha Mukherji. "OUT OF SYNC: Shared Lessons From India and Turkey on World Bank Funding and Post-disaster Planning for Housing Recovery" Natural Hazards Review Vol. 15 Iss. 1 (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/anuradha/3/