Proceedings of the 11th IFAC Symposium on Control in Transportation Systems (Delft, Netherlands, August 29-31, 2006): 325-330.
The current practice of specifying simultaneous gap out logic at isolated high speed signalized intersections places constraints on the signal controller logic that cannot be satisfied under high congestion level. Further, it often results in degraded signal efficiency and dilemma zone protection. A stochastic approach is proposed in this paper with the objective of increasing safety and efficiency at these intersections.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/anuj_sharma1/22/