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Article
Attribution of Injury to Alcohol Involvement in Young Adults Seriously Injured in Alcohol-related Motor Vehicle Crashes
American Journal of Critical Care
  • M S Sommers
  • J M Dyehouse
  • S R Howe
  • J Lemmink
  • K Davis
  • M McCarthy
  • Anne C. Russell, Cedarville University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2000
PubMed ID
10631388
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Approximately 40% of all traffic fatalities are associated with the use of alcohol. Hospitalization for serious injury after a motor vehicle crash related to use of alcohol may be an opportunity to change drinking behaviors in non-alcohol-dependent drinkers, thereby reducing the risk for future disability and death.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree to which non-alcohol-dependent adults aged 18 to 45 years with alcohol-related vehicular trauma attributed their injury to use of alcohol.

METHODS: During hospitalization, 132 subjects involved in alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes were interviewed. The interviews included the question, "To what extent do you believe your alcohol consumption was responsible for this injury?" Responses were measured on a 7-point scale ranging from 1 (not at all) to 7 (totally).

RESULTS: In response to the question about attribution of injury to alcohol, 37.8% of subjects responded "not at all," 24.3 responded "somewhat," and 37.9% responded "mostly" or "totally." Spearman rank correlation between attribution of injury to alcohol involvement and blood alcohol content at admission was r = 0.440 (P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS: More than 60% of patients injured in alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes attributed their injury partly or totally to use of alcohol. When alcohol-free, hospitalized patients with higher blood levels of alcohol on admission were more likely than those with lower levels to attribute their injury to alcohol. Hospitalization for a motor vehicle crash related to use of alcohol provides an opportunity for interventions to decrease drinking.

Keywords
  • Accidents,
  • Traffic,
  • Adult,
  • Alcoholic Intoxication,
  • Ethanol,
  • Female,
  • Humans,
  • Male,
  • Self-Assessment,
  • Wounds and Injuries
Citation Information
M S Sommers, J M Dyehouse, S R Howe, J Lemmink, et al.. "Attribution of Injury to Alcohol Involvement in Young Adults Seriously Injured in Alcohol-related Motor Vehicle Crashes" American Journal of Critical Care Vol. 9 Iss. 1 (2000) p. 28 - 35 ISSN: 1062-3264
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/anne-russell/6/