Skip to main content
Evaluation of Green Dot: An Active Bystander Intervention to Reduce Sexual Violence on College Campuses
Violence Against Women (2011)
  • Ann L. Coker, University of Kentucky
  • Patricia G. Cook-Craig, University of Kentucky
  • Corrine M. Williams, University of Kentucky
  • Bonnie S. Fisher, University of Cincinnati - Main Campus
  • Emily A. Clear, University of Kentucky
  • Lisandra S. Garcia, University of Kentucky
  • Lea M. Hegge, University of Kentucky
Using a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 7,945 college undergraduates, we report on the association between having received Green Dot active bystander behavior training and the frequency of actual and observed self-reported active bystander behaviors as well as violence acceptance norms. Of 2,504 students aged 18 to 26 who completed the survey, 46% had heard a Green Dot speech on campus, and 14% had received active bystander training during the past 2 years. Trained students had significantly lower rape myth acceptance scores than did students with no training. Trained students also reported engaging in significantly more bystander behaviors and observing more self-reported active bystander behaviors when compared with nontrained students. When comparing self-reported active bystander behavior scores of students trained with students hearing a Green Dot speech alone, the training was associated with significantly higher active bystander behavior scores. Those receiving bystander training appeared to report more active bystander behaviors than those simply hearing a Green Dot speech, and both intervention groups reported more observed and active bystander behaviors than nonexposed students.
  • violence against women,
  • bystander strategies,
  • campus violence,
  • college students,
  • prevention,
  • sexual violence
Publication Date
Citation Information
Ann L. Coker, Patricia G. Cook-Craig, Corrine M. Williams, Bonnie S. Fisher, et al.. "Evaluation of Green Dot: An Active Bystander Intervention to Reduce Sexual Violence on College Campuses" Violence Against Women Vol. 17 Iss. 6 (2011)
Available at: