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Pain management in the neonatal piglet during routine management procedures. Part 2:Grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations
Animal Health Research Reviews
  • Annette M. O'Connor, Iowa State University
  • R. Anthony, University of Alaska Anchorage
  • Luciana Bergamasco, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Johann F. Coetzee, Iowa State University
  • Stacie A. Gould, Iowa State University
  • Anna K. Johnson, Iowa State University
  • Locke A. Karriker, Iowa State University
  • J. N. Marchant-Forde, United States Department of Agriculture
  • G. S. Martineau, National Veterinary School of Toulouse
  • J. McKean, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Suzanne T. Millman, Iowa State University
  • S. R. Niekamp, National Pork Board
  • Ed Pajor, University of Calgary
  • K. Rutherford, Scotland Royal College
  • M. Sprague, American Association of Swine Veternarians
  • M. Sutherland, AgResearch Ltd.
  • E. von Borell, Martin Luther Universitat Halle-Wittenberg
  • Rungano Stan Dzikamunhenga, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Disciplines
Publication Version
Published Version
Publication Date
6-1-2014
DOI
10.1017/S1466252314000073
Abstract

Piglets reared in swine production in the USA undergo painful procedures that include castration, tail docking, teeth clipping, and identification with ear notching or tagging. These procedures are usually performed without pain mitigation. The objective of this project was to develop recommendations for pain mitigation in 1- to 28-day-old piglets undergoing these procedures. The National Pork Board funded project to develop recommendations for pain mitigation in piglets. Recommendation development followed a defined multi-step process that included an evidence summary and estimates of the efficacies of interventions. The results of a systematic review of the interventions were reported in a companion paper. This manuscript describes the recommendation development process and the final recommendations. Recommendations were developed for three interventions (CO2/O2 general anesthesia, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and lidocaine) for use during castration. The ability to make strong recommendations was limited by low-quality evidence and strong certainty about variation in stakeholder values and preferences. The panel strongly recommended against the use of a CO2/O2 general anesthesia mixture, weakly recommended for the use of NSAIDs and weakly recommended against the use of lidocaine for pain mitigation during castration of 1- to 28-day-old piglets.

Comments

This article is from Animal Health Research Review 15 (2014): 39, doi:10.1017/S1466252314000073.

Rights
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Language
en
Date Available
2015-05-29
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Annette M. O'Connor, R. Anthony, Luciana Bergamasco, Johann F. Coetzee, et al.. "Pain management in the neonatal piglet during routine management procedures. Part 2:Grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations" Animal Health Research Reviews Vol. 15 Iss. 1 (2014) p. 39 - 62
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/anna_butters-johnson/56/