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Dryland soil chemical properties and crop yields affected by long-term tillage and cropping sequence
SpringerPlus
  • Upendra M. Sainju, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Brett L. Allen, United States Department of Agriculture
  • TheCan Caesar-TonThat, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Andrew W. Lenssen, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Version
Published Version
Publication Date
7-5-2015
DOI
10.1186/s40064-015-1122-4
Abstract

Information on the effect of long-term management on soil nutrients and chemical properties is scanty. We examined the 30-year effect of tillage frequency and cropping sequence combination on dryland soil Olsen-P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, SO 4 –S, and Zn concentrations, pH, electrical conductivity (EC), and cation exchange capacity (CEC) at the 0–120 cm depth and annualized crop yield in the northern Great Plains, USA. Treatments were no-till continuous spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) (NTCW), spring till continuous spring wheat (STCW), fall and spring till continuous spring wheat (FSTCW), fall and spring till spring wheat–barley (Hordeum vulgare L., 1984–1999) followed by spring wheat–pea (Pisum sativum L., 2000–2013) (FSTW-B/P), and spring till spring wheat-fallow (STW-F, traditional system). At 0–7.5 cm, P, K, Zn, Na, and CEC were 23–60% were greater, but pH, buffer pH, and Ca were 6–31% lower in NTCW, STCW, and FSTW–B/P than STW-F. At 7.5–15 cm, K was 23–52% greater, but pH, buffer pH, and Mg were 3–21% lower in NTCW, STCW, FSTCW, FSTW–B/P than STW-F. At 60–120 cm, soil chemical properties varied with treatments. Annualized crop yield was 23–30% lower in STW-F than the other treatments. Continuous N fertilization probably reduced soil pH, Ca, and Mg, but greater crop residue returned to the soil increased P, K, Na, Zn, and CEC in NTCW and STCW compared to STW-F. Reduced tillage with continuous cropping may be adopted for maintaining long-term soil fertility and crop yields compared with the traditional system.

Comments

This article was published in SpringerPlus 4 (2015): 320, doi:10.1186/s40064-015-1122-4.

Rights
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Language
en
Date Available
2015-07-06
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Upendra M. Sainju, Brett L. Allen, TheCan Caesar-TonThat and Andrew W. Lenssen. "Dryland soil chemical properties and crop yields affected by long-term tillage and cropping sequence" SpringerPlus Vol. 4 (2015) p. 320
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/andrew_lenssen/83/