Skip to main content
Article
ENSO Controls Interannual Fire Activity in Southeast Australia
Geophysical Research Letters
  • Michela Mariani, University of Melbourne
  • Michael-Shawn Fletcher, University of Melbourne
  • Andrés Holz, Portland State University
  • Petter Nyman, University of Melbourne
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
10-1-2016
Subjects
  • El Niño Current -- Social aspects,
  • Fire risk assessment,
  • Precipitation (Meteorology),
  • El Niño Current,
  • Southern oscillation
Abstract
El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the main mode controlling the variability in the ocean-atmosphere system in the South Pacific. While the ENSO influence on rainfall regimes in the South Pacific is well documented, its role in driving spatiotemporal trends in fire activity in this region has not been rigorously investigated. This is particularly the case for the highly flammable and densely populated southeast Australian sector, where ENSO is a major control over climatic variability. Here we conduct the first region-wide analysis of how ENSO controls fire activity in southeast Australia. We identify a significant relationship between ENSO and both fire frequency and area burnt. Critically, wavelet analyses reveal that despite substantial temporal variability in the ENSO system, ENSO exerts a persistent and significant influence on southeast Australian fire activity. Our analysis has direct application for developing robust predictive capacity for the increasingly important efforts at fire management.
Description

Copyright 2016 American Geophysical Union. Reproduced here with permission.

DOI
10.1002/ 2016GL070572
Persistent Identifier
http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/19196
Citation Information
Mariani, M., M.-S. Fletcher, A. Holz, and P. Nyman (2016), ENSO controls interannual fire activity in southeast Australia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 10,891–10,900, doi:10.1002/ 2016GL070572.