Recent developmental research demonstrates that group bias emerges early in childhood. However, little is known about the extent to which bias in minimal (i.e., arbitrarily assigned) groups varies with children’s environment and experience, and whether such bias is universal across cultures. In this study, the development of group bias was investigated using a minimal groups paradigm with 46 4- to 6-year-olds from the Faroe Islands. Children observed ingroup and outgroup members exhibiting varying degrees of prosocial behavior (egalitarian or stingy sharing). Children did not prefer their ingroup in the pretest, but a pro-ingroup and anti-outgroup sentiment emerged in both conditions in the post-test. Faroese children’s response patterns differ from those of American children (Schug, Shusterman, Barth, & Patalano, 2013), suggesting that intergroup bias shows cultural variation even in a minimal groups context.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/andrea_patalano/29/