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Book
Experience and expertise: The role of memory in planning for opportunities
(1997)
  • Colleen M Seifert, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Andrea L Patalano, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Kristian J Hammond, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Timothy M Converse, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
Abstract

We briefly review the role of experience in expertise, and the central role of past experiences within our framework, case-based planning / present the problem of opportunism —taking advantage of unanticipated circumstances to satisfy one's goals—as a challenge for any model of expertise / after a discussion of competing models of opportunistic planning, we define our own model and identify its cognitive mechanisms / evaluate this model through 2 research methodologies: computational modeling and experiments with human participants / by combining evidence from these 2 approaches, we hope to develop a more complete theory of how opportunistic planning is accomplished / our account of the role of memory for specific past experiences in identifying later opportunities provides evidence for the importance of the context of specific experiences in expertise.

Keywords
  • planning,
  • problem solving,
  • opportunism
Disciplines
Publication Date
1997
Editor
P. J. Feltovich, K. M. Ford, & R. R. Hoffman
Publisher
AAAI Press/ MIT Press
Citation Information
Seifert, C. M., Patalano, A. L., Hammond, K. J., & Converse, T. M. (1997). Experience and expertise: The role of memory in planning for opportunities. In P. J. Feltovich, K. M. Ford, & R. R. Hoffman (Eds.), Expertise in context (pp. 101-123). Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press/ MIT Press.