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Psychological empowerment and job satisfaction between Baby Boomer and Generation X nurses
Journal of nursing management
  • Amy E.T. Sparks, University of Iowa
Document Type
Peer Reviewed
Publication Date
NLM Title Abbreviation
J Nurs Manag
PubMed ID
DOI of Published Version
AIM: This paper is a report of a study of differences in nurses' generational psychological empowerment and job satisfaction. BACKGROUND: Generations differ in work styles such as autonomy, work ethics, involvement, views on leadership, and primary views on what constitutes innovation, quality, and service. METHOD: A secondary analysis was conducted from two data sets resulting in a sample of 451 registered nurses employed at five hospitals in West Virginia. One data set was gathered from a convenience sample and one from a randomly selected sample. Data were collected from 2000 to 2004. RESULTS: Baby Boomer nurses reported higher mean total psychological empowerment scores than Generation X nurses. There were no differences in total job satisfaction scores between the generations. CONCLUSION: There were significant differences among the generations' psychological empowerment scores. Generational differences related to psychological empowerment could provide insight into inconsistent findings related to nurse job satisfaction. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Nurse administrators may consider this evidence when working on strategic plans to motivate and entice Generation X nurses and retain Baby Boomers. Although implications based on this study are tentative, the results indicate the need for administrators to consider the differences between Baby Boomer and Generation X nurses.
  • Adult,
  • Age Factors,
  • Aged,
  • Attitude of Health Personnel,
  • Cohort Studies,
  • Female,
  • Humans,
  • Job Satisfaction,
  • Male,
  • Middle Aged,
  • Nursing Methodology Research,
  • Nursing Staff,
  • Hospital/psychology/statistics & numerical data,
  • Power (Psychology)
Published Article/Book Citation
Journal of nursing management, 20:4 (2012) pp.451-460.
Citation Information
Amy E.T. Sparks. "Psychological empowerment and job satisfaction between Baby Boomer and Generation X nurses" Journal of nursing management Vol. 20 Iss. 4 (2012) p. 451 - 460 ISSN: 1365-2834
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