Of Men and Money: Characteristics of Occupations that Affect the Gender Differentiation of Children’s Occupational InterestsSex Roles (2017)
Occupational interests become gender differentiated during childhood and remain so among adults. Two characteristics of occupations may contribute to this differentiation: the gender of individuals who typically perform the occupation (workers’ gender) and the particular goals that the occupation allows one to fulfill, such as the opportunity to help others or acquire power (value affordances). Two studies tested hypotheses about whether U.S. 6- to 11-year-olds show gender differences in their interest in novel jobs that were depicted as (a) being performed by men versus women and (b) affording money, power, family, or helping values. In Study 1, 98 children rank-ordered their preferences for experimentally-manipulated novel jobs, and they answered questions about their occupational values and the value affordances of jobs in which men and women typically work. In Study 2, a second sample of 65 children was used to test the replicability of findings from Study 1. As hypothesized, children were more interested in jobs depicted with same- than other-gender workers in both studies. Boys showed greater interest than did girls in novel jobs depicted as affording money in Study 1, but not Study 2. Explicit knowledge that men and women typically work in jobs that afford differing values increased with participants’ age.
- Child Psychology,
Publication DateOctober 4, 2017
Citation InformationAmy Roberson Hayes, Rebecca S. Bigler and Erica S. Weisgram. "Of Men and Money: Characteristics of Occupations that Affect the Gender Differentiation of Children’s Occupational Interests" Sex Roles Vol. 78 Iss. 11 (2017) p. 775 - 788
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/amy-hayes/8/