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Plasma ProBNP Is Not a Specific Marker for Transient Myocardial Ischemia
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  • Khawar Maqsood, MD, Baystate Health
  • Muhammad Shakoor, MD, Baystate Health
  • James Cook, MD, Baystate Health
  • Gregory Giugliano, MD, Baystate Health
  • Amir Lotfi, MD, Baystate Health
Document Type
Article, Peer-reviewed
Publication Date
BACKGROUND: Plasma proBNP levels are increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Previous studies have shown conflicting data on the effect of transient myocardial ischemia on plasma BNP levels. We designed the current study to examine plasma proBNP levels in patients with transient myocardial ischemia during a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study was to study plasma proBNP as a marker of transient myocardial ischemia. METHODS: We enrolled 49 consecutive patients with a history of angina or abnormal stress test who presented for cardiac catheterization. We obtained plasma proBNP levels in all patients at 1) arterial access (proBNP-1), 2) the end of the procedure (proBNP-2) and 3) 4 hours after procedure (proBNP-3). Hotelling's T-squared test was used to evaluate the equality of means. Log transforms of proBNP were used to impart data normality. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients underwent diagnostic catheterization (DCA group) and 27 underwent PCI (PCI group). Both groups had normal left ventricular function and a baseline creatinine < 2 mg/dL. Baseline log (proBNP) was 4.7 + 0.99 (units) and rose significantly at 4 hours in both groups (P < 0.02), with no difference in rate of change. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma proBNP was increased in both DCA and PCI groups which limits its utility to identify transient myocardial ischemia. The etiology of increase in proBNP in both groups is speculative and may be related to injection of radiographic contrast media into the coronary artery which leads to microcirculatory impairment resulting in myocardial tissue hypoxia and transient increase in left ventricular pressure; however, further evaluation is required.
Citation Information
Maqsood K, Shakoor MT, Cook JR, Giugliano GR, Lotfi A. Plasma ProBNP Is Not a Specific Marker for Transient Myocardial Ischemia. J Clin Med Res. 2015 Jul;7(7):506-10.