Recently, series compensation is widely used in transmission. However, this creates several problems to conventional protection approaches. This paper presents overcurrent and distance protection schemes, for fault classification in transmission lines with thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) using support vector machine (SVM). The fault classification task is divided into four separate subtasks (SVMa, SVMb, SVMc and SVMg), where the state of each phase and ground is determined by an individual SVM. The polynomial kernel SVM is designed to provide the optimal classification conditions. Wide variations of load angle, fault inception angle, fault resistance and fault location have been carried out with different types of faults using PSCAD/EMTDC program. Backward faults have also been included in the data sets. The proposed technique is tested and the results verify its fastness, accuracy and robustness.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/almoataz_abdelaziz/55/