Skip to main content
Directed 3D Cell Alignment and Elongation in Microengineered Hydrogels
  • Alisha L. Sarang-Sieminski, Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering
  • Hug Aubin
  • Jason W Nichol
  • Ché B Hutson
  • Hojae Bae
  • Donald M Cropek
  • Payam Akhyari
  • Ali Khademhosseini
Document Type
Publication Date

Organized cellular alignment is critical to controlling tissue microarchitecture and biological function. Although a multitude of techniques have been described to control cellular alignment in 2D, recapitulating the cellular alignment of highly organized native tissues in 3D engineered tissues remains a challenge. While cellular alignment in engineered tissues can be induced through the use of external physical stimuli, there are few simple techniques for microscale control of cell behavior that are largely cell-driven. In this study we present a simple and direct method to control the alignment and elongation of fibroblasts, myoblasts, endothelial cells and cardiac stem cells encapsulated in microengineered 3D gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogels, demonstrating that cells with the intrinsic potential to form aligned tissuesin vivo will self-organize into functional tissues in vitro if confined in the appropriate 3D microarchitecture. The presented system may be used as an in vitro model for investigating cell and tissue morphogenesis in 3D, as well as for creating tissue constructs with microscale control of 3D cellular alignment and elongation, that could have great potential for the engineering of functional tissues with aligned cells and anisotropic function.


© 2010 Elsevier. The article was published in Biomaterials, vol. 31, iss. 27, p. 6941-6951 and may be found here.

Citation Information
Alisha L. Sarang-Sieminski, Hug Aubin, Jason W Nichol, Ché B Hutson, et al.. "Directed 3D Cell Alignment and Elongation in Microengineered Hydrogels" (2010)
Available at: