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Untapped Potential: The Carbon Reductions Left Out of EPA's Clean Power Plan
The Center for Progressive Reform (2016)
  • Alice Kaswan, University of San Franci
  • Kirsten H. Engel
Although EPA’s Clean Power Plan represents EPA’s bold and commendable effort to reduce carbon emissions from power plants, our report reveals that the Plan’s requirements did not incorporate significant reduction opportunities, a finding that has important implications for the nation’s climate policy.  We discuss the critical but little discussed methodological choices that resulted in the gap between the opportunities EPA identified and the rates it set.  Had the reduction potential EPA identified been incorporated into the Plan’s requirements, the Plan would have reduced 2030 existing source emissions  by 52% from 2005 levels rather than the 38% reduction achieved by the Plan, and would have provided much stronger incentives for utilities and states to shift to available low-carbon alternatives.  Although we recognize that EPA and the states might have faced legal and political challenges if EPA had shifted its methodology to incorporate these opportunities, the data nonetheless reveals that additional climate initiatives, at the state, regional, or federal level, remain necessary to tap into the “untapped potential” EPA identified but did not include in the Clean Power Plan.
  • climate change,
  • power sector,
  • greenhouse gases,
  • Clean Power Plan,
  • electricity sector,
  • Clean Air Act
Publication Date
October, 2016
Citation Information
Alice Kaswan and Kirsten H. Engel. "Untapped Potential: The Carbon Reductions Left Out of EPA's Clean Power Plan" The Center for Progressive Reform Iss. CPR Paper 1607 (2016)
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Creative Commons license
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY International License.