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Article
Nabizadeh, Taghinezhad & Azizi.pdf
Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods (2016)
  • Ali Taghinezhad
Abstract
THE  AIM  OF  THIS  QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY  WAS  TO  INVESTIGATE THE  EFFECTS  OF

FOCUS ON FORM AS A METHOD OF IMPLICIT INSTRUCTION AND CONSCIOUSNESS-RAISING 
AS A METHOD OF EXPLICIT INSTRUCTION ON STUDENTS' ABILITY TO LEARN GRAMMAR. TO
THIS  END,  TWO  INTACT  CLASSES  OF  20  LEARNERS  WERE  CHOSEN  FOR  TEACHING  THE
TARGET STRUCTURES (PREPOSITIONS OF TIME AND PLACE) THROUGH DIFFERENT METHODS
OF INSTRUCTION. THE PARTICIPANTS WERE YOUNG MALE LEARNERS AT ELEMENTARY
LEVEL. THE TWO INTACT CLASSES WERE ASSIGNED TO COMPARE GROUPS  OF FOCUS ON
FORM GROUP (IMPLICIT GROUP) AND CONSCIOUSNESS-RAISING GROUP (EXPLICIT GROUP). IN
FOCUS ON FORM GROUP, THE TARGET STRUCTURES WERE ENHANCED VISUALLY WITH THE
TECHNIQUE OF BOLDING. IN CONSCIOUSNESS-RAISING GROUP THE TARGET STRUCTURES
WERE TAUGHT EXPLICITLY. THE PARTICIPANTS WERE GIVEN SOME DATA AND WERE
REQUIRED TO INDUCE THE RULE WITH THE HELP OF PEERS OR THE TEACHER.  A PRETEST
AND A POSTTEST WERE CONDUCTED TO COMPARE THE TWO GROUPS' PERFORMANCES
BEFORE AND AFTER THE INSTRUCTION. THE RESULTS INDICATED THE OUTPERFORMANCE OF
THE   PARTICIPANTS   IN   THE   EXPLICIT   GROUP   OVER   THE   PERFORMANCE   OF   THE
PARTICIPANTS IN  THE IMPLICIT GROUP ON THE POSTTEST. THE FINDINGS SUPPORT THE
ARGUMENTS REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF METALINGUISTIC AWARENESS IN LEARNING
GRAMMAR. 
Disciplines
Publication Date
2016
Citation Information
Ali Taghinezhad. "Nabizadeh, Taghinezhad & Azizi.pdf" Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods (2016)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ali_taghinezhad/16/