Skip to main content
Polyurethane-carbon microfiber composite coating for electrical heating of concrete pavement surfaces
  • Alireza Sassani, Iowa State University
  • Ali Arabzadeh, Iowa State University
  • Halil Ceylan, Iowa State University
  • Sunghwan Kim, Iowa State University
  • Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Iowa State University
  • Peter C. Taylor, Iowa State University and National Concrete Pavement Technology Center
  • Ali Nahvi, Iowa State University
Document Type
Publication Version
Published Version
Publication Date

Electrically-heated pavements have attracted attention as alternatives to the traditional ice/snow removal practices. Electrically conductive polymer-carbon composite coatings provide promising properties for this application. Based on the concept of joule heating, the conductive composite can be utilized as a resistor that generates heat by electric current and increases the surface temperature to melt the ice and snow on the pavement surface. This research investigates the feasibility of applying an electrically conductive composite coating made with a Polyurethane (PU) binder and micrometer-scale carbon fiber (CMF) filler as the electrical heating materials on the surface of Portland cement concrete (PCC) pavements. PU-CMF composite coatings were prepared using different volume fractions of CMF, applied on the PCC surfaces, and evaluated in terms of volume conductivity, resistive heating ability, durability, and surface friction properties at the proof-of-concept level. A conceptual cost analysis was performed to compare this method with other heated pavement systems with respect to economic viability. Percolative behavior of CMF in PU matrix was captured and most desirable CMF dosage rates in terms of each performance parameter were investigated. Two percolation transition zones were identified for CMF in PU matrix at dosage rate ranges of 0.25–1% and 4–10%. The composites exhibited their most desirable performance and properties at CMF dosage rates greater than 10% and smaller than 15%.


This article is published as Sassani, Alireza, Ali Arabzadeh, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Peter C. Taylor, and Ali Nahvi. "Polyurethane-carbon microfiber composite coating for electrical heating of concrete pavement surfaces." Heliyon 5, no. 8 (2019): e02359. DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02359. Posted with permission.

Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Copyright Owner
The Authors
File Format
Citation Information
Alireza Sassani, Ali Arabzadeh, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, et al.. "Polyurethane-carbon microfiber composite coating for electrical heating of concrete pavement surfaces" Heliyon Vol. 5 Iss. 8 (2019) p. e02359
Available at: