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Modeling Multi-phase flow using fluctuating hydrodynamics
Physical Review E (2014)
  • Anuj Chaudri
  • John B. Bell
  • Alejandro Garcia, San Jose State University
  • Aleksander Donev
Fluctuating hydrodynamics provides a model for fluids at mesoscopic scales where thermal fluctuations can have a significant impact on the behavior of the system. Here we investigate a model for fluctuating hydrodynamics of a single-component, multiphase flow in the neighborhood of the critical point. The system is modeled using a compressible flow formulation with a van der Waals equation of state, incorporating a Korteweg stress term to treat interfacial tension. We present a numerical algorithm for modeling this system based on an extension of algorithms developed for fluctuating hydrodynamics for ideal fluids. The scheme is validated by comparison of measured structure factors and capillary wave spectra with equilibrium theory. We also present several nonequilibrium examples to illustrate the capability of the algorithm to model multiphase fluid phenomena in a neighborhood of the critical point. These examples include a study of the impact of fluctuations on the spinodal decomposition following a rapid quench, as well as the piston effect in a cavity with supercooled walls. The conclusion in both cases is that thermal fluctuations affect the size and growth of the domains in off-critical quenches.
  • hydrodynamics,
  • multi-phase flow
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
This article originally appeared in Physical Review E, 90, 3, 2014. ©2014 American Physical Society. This work can also be found online at this link:
Citation Information
Anuj Chaudri, John B. Bell, Alejandro Garcia and Aleksander Donev. "Modeling Multi-phase flow using fluctuating hydrodynamics" Physical Review E Vol. 90 Iss. 3 (2014) ISSN: 1539-3755
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