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Validation of an Empathy Scale in Pharmacy and Nursing Students
American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
  • M. E. Kiersma
  • Aleda M.H. Chen, Cedarville University
  • K. S. Yehle
  • K. S. Plake
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Objective. To validate an empathy scale to measure empathy in pharmacy and nursing students. Methods. A 15-item instrument comprised of the cognitive and affective empathy domains, was created. Each item was rated using a 7-point Likert scale, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. Concurrent validity was demonstrated with the Jefferson Scale of Empathy – Health Professional Students (JSE-HPS). Results. Reliability analysis of data from 216 students (pharmacy, N=158; nursing, N=58) showed that scores on the empathy scale were positively associated with JSE-HPS scores (p Conclusions. Results of this study demonstrate the reliability and validity of a new scale for evaluating student empathy. Further testing of the scale at other universities is needed to establish validity.
  • Empathy,
  • nursing students,
  • pharmacy students,
  • psychometrics,
  • adult,
  • affect,
  • cognition,
  • curriculum,
  • nursing education,
  • pharmacy education,
  • factor analysis,
  • statistical,
  • female,
  • humans,
  • male,
  • nurse-patient relations,
  • professional-patient relations,
  • questionnaires,
  • reproducibility of results,
  • young adult

Article 94

Citation Information
M. E. Kiersma, Aleda M.H. Chen, K. S. Yehle and K. S. Plake. "Validation of an Empathy Scale in Pharmacy and Nursing Students" American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education Vol. 77 Iss. 5 (2013) p. 1 - 6 ISSN: 1553-6467
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