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About Alec Stone Sweet

I work in the fields of comparative law and politics, and international law and politics. I am interested in how rule systems emerge and evolve over time, with what consequences for society. Most of my research focuses on how new legal systems emerge and evolve, and how older ones change. The best introduction to my approach to this generic question is "Judicialization and the Construction of Governance" (written in 1996 and finally published in 1999), available below.
Books include: The Birth of Judicial Politics in France (OUP, 1992), European Integration and Supranational Governance (OUP, 1998), Governing with Judges: Constitutional Politics in Europe (OUP, 2000), The Institutionalization of Europe (OUP, 2001), The Politics of Delegation (2002), On Law, Politics, and Judicialization (OUP, 2003), The Judicial Construction of Europe (OUP, 2004), A Europe of Rights: The Impact of the ECHR on National Legal Systems (OUP, 2008); The Evolution of International Arbitration: Judicialization, Governance, Legitimacy (OUP, 2017); and A Cosmopolitan Legal Order: Kant, Constitutional Justice and the European Convention on Human Rights (OUP, 2018).
My current book project is Proportionality Balancing and Constitutional Governance, under contract with Oxford University Press:

One major strain of my work is the attempt to develop a comparative social science of judicial politics; the book, On Law, Politics and Judicialization (OUP, 2002), co-authored with Martin Shapiro, provides an overview. The research is typically designed to develop theory or to test hypotheses derived from causal theory. As in my book, The Judicial Construction of Europe (OUP, 2004), I blend quantitative methods, case studies, process tracing, and doctrinal analysis, as appropriate. Thus, some of the pieces available below are also classified under the rubric, "empirical legal studies."

Data Sets on Litigating EU Law are available at: Since 1996, scholars have used these data in a wide variety of research projects, including doctoral dissertations, books, and articles in economics, law, sociology, and political science. The Living Review in EU Governance paper, "The European Court of Justice and the Judicialization of EU Governance" (2010) provides a critical survey of empirical research on the EU's legal system; published on-line at:

For information and samples of my music and recordings: ;


Present Leiter Professor of Law, Politics, and International Studies, Yale University
Present Yale Law School, Yale University

Curriculum Vitae


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Contact Information

Yale Law School
127 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06520
Assistant: Patricia Page
(1) (203) 432-4943 /


1. Recent Papers (6)

2. General (8)

3. Comparative Constitutional Law (25)