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Can Utilizing a Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) System Prevent Hospital Medical Errors and Adverse Drug Events?
Management Faculty Research
  • Krista Charles, MS
  • Margaret Cannon, MS
  • Robert Hall, MS
  • Alberto Coustasse, DrPH, MD, MBA, MPH, Marshall University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
10-1-2014
Abstract
Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) systems allow physicians to prescribe patient services electronically. In hospitals, CPOE essentially eliminates the need for handwritten paper orders and achieves cost savings through increased efficiency. The purpose of this research study was to examine the benefits of and barriers to CPOE adoption in hospitals to determine the effects on medical errors and adverse drug events (ADEs) and examine cost and savings associated with the implementation of this newly mandated technology. This study followed a methodology using the basic principles of a systematic review and referenced 50 sources. CPOE systems in hospitals were found to be capable of reducing medical errors and ADEs, especially when CPOE systems are bundled with clinical decision support systems designed to alert physicians and other healthcare providers of pending lab or medical errors. However, CPOE systems face major barriers associated with adoption in a hospital system, mainly high implementation costs and physicians’ resistance to change.
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The version of record is available from the publisher at http://perspectives.ahima.org/. Copyright ©2014 by the American Health Information Management Association. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior permission from the publisher. Reprinted with permission.

Citation Information
Charles, K., Cannon, M., Hall, R., & Coustasse, A. (2014). “Can utilizing a computerized provider order entry (CPOE) system prevent hospital medical errors and adverse drug events?” Perspectives in Health Information Management (Fall), 1-16.