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Does Public Employment Reduce Unemployment
Topics in Middle Eastern and African Economies (2015)
  • Alberto Behar, International Monetary Fund
  • Junghwan Mok, Bank of Korea
We quantify the extent to which public-sector employment crowds out private sector employment using specially assembled datasets for a large cross-section of developing and advanced countries, and discuss the implications for countries in the Middle East, North Africa, Caucasus and Central Asia. These countries simultaneously display high unemployment rates, low private-sector employment rates and high proportions of government-sector employment. Regressions of unemployment rates on public-sector employment point to full crowding out. This means that high rates of public employment, which incur substantial fiscal costs, do not reduce overall unemployment rates.
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Alberto Behar and Junghwan Mok. "Does Public Employment Reduce Unemployment" Topics in Middle Eastern and African Economies (2015)
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