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Article
Geographic distribution of Staphylococcus spp. infections and antimicrobial resistance among dogs presented at a veterinary academic hospital in South Africa
Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology (2019)
  • Agricola Odoi
Abstract
The objective of this study was to investigate spatial patterns of staphylococcal infections and resistance patterns of clinical isolates from dogs from Gauteng province in South Africa. Data from records of 1,497 dog clinical samples submitted to a veterinary teaching hospital between 2007 and 2012 were used in the study. Spatial empirical Bayesian smoothed risk maps were used to investigate spatial patterns of staphylococcal infections, antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and multidrug resistance (MDR). Moran's I and spatial scan statistics were used to investigate spatial clusters at municipal and town spatial scales. Significant clusters of staphylococcal infections were identified at both the municipal (Relative Risk [RR]=1.71, p=0.003) and town (RR=1.65, p=0.039) scales. However, significant clusters of AMR (p=0.003) and MDR (p=0.007) were observed only at the town scale. Future larger studies will need to investigate local determinants of geographical distribution of the clusters so as to guide targeted control efforts.
Keywords
  • Moran's I,
  • Spatial Empirical Bayesian Smoothing,
  • Staphylococcus,
  • Antimicrobial resistance,
  • Multi-drug resistance,
  • Spatial Scan Statistics
Disciplines
Publication Date
Spring February, 2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sste.2018.11.004
Citation Information
Agricola Odoi. "Geographic distribution of Staphylococcus spp. infections and antimicrobial resistance among dogs presented at a veterinary academic hospital in South Africa" Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology Vol. 28 (2019) p. 14 - 23
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/agricola_odoi/67/