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Article
Immunohistochemical expression of insulin, glucagon and somatostatin in pancreatic islets from insulin sensitive and insulin resistant horses
American Journal of Veterinary Research (2018)
  • Kim M Newkirk, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • Gordon Ehrensing
  • Agricola Odoi
  • Raymond C. Boston
  • Nicholas Frank
Abstract
OBJECTIVE To assess insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin expression within pancreatic islets of horses with and without insulin resistance. ANIMALS 10 insulin-resistant horses and 13 insulin-sensitive horses. PROCEDURES For each horse, food was withheld for at least 10 hours before a blood sample was collected for determination of serum insulin concentration. Horses with a serum insulin concentration < 20 μU/mL were assigned to the insulin-sensitive group, whereas horses with a serum insulin concentration > 20 μU/mL underwent a frequently sampled IV glucose tolerance test to determine sensitivity to insulin by minimal model analysis. Horses with a sensitivity to insulin < 1.0 × 10-4 L•min-1•mU-1 were assigned to the insulin-resistant group. All horses were euthanized with a barbiturate overdose, and pancreatic specimens were harvested and immunohistochemically stained for determination of insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin expression in pancreatic islets. Islet hormone expression was compared between insulin-resistant and insulin-sensitive horses. RESULTS Cells expressing insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin made up approximately 62%, 12%, and 7%, respectively, of pancreatic islet cells in insulin-resistant horses and 64%, 18%, and 9%, respectively, of pancreatic islet cells in insulin-sensitive horses. Expression of insulin and somatostatin did not differ between insulin-resistant and insulin-sensitive horses, but the median percentage of glucagon-expressing cells in the islets of insulin-resistant horses was significantly less than that in insulin-sensitive horses. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggested that, in insulin-resistant horses, insulin secretion was not increased but glucagon production might be downregulated as a compensatory response to hyperinsulinemia.
Disciplines
Publication Date
February, 2018
DOI
10.2460/ajvr.79.2.191
Citation Information
Kim M Newkirk, Gordon Ehrensing, Agricola Odoi, Raymond C. Boston, et al.. "Immunohistochemical expression of insulin, glucagon and somatostatin in pancreatic islets from insulin sensitive and insulin resistant horses" American Journal of Veterinary Research Vol. 79 Iss. 2 (2018) p. 191 - 198
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/agricola_odoi/59/