This study proposes five types of commonly located surfaces that were evaluated to be determined for use as pseudo-invariant targets (PITs) in order to apply the so-called ‘empirical-line’ atmospheric correction method. Spectroradiometric measurements were taken over wet and dry conditions to obtain the spectral signatures of the targets. From the acquired in situ spectroradiometric campaign, it was found that the proposed commonly found PITs (sandy, concrete and asphalt) are suitable non-variant targets. An accuracy assessment of the empirical-line atmospheric correction method using the five PITs was performed using other calibration targets and aerosol optical thickness (AOT) values from MICROTOPS hand-held sun photometers acquired simultaneously with the satellite overpass. The radiative transfer equation was used to determine AOT levels, using the reflectance values derived from the empirical-line method, in order to conduct an accuracy assessment with in situ AOT measurements. It was also shown that precipitation conditions should be considered when using non-variant targets in atmospheric correction methods.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/adrianos_retalis/36/