Depression has been predicted to be the second leading cause of disease worldwide by the World Health Organization. However, many people in low socioeconomic status communities do not have access to the many expensive and inaccessible treatments of depression, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), antidepressant drugs, electroconvulsive therapy and deep brain stimulation (DBS). Photovoice is a process that provides substantial social support from community members and can increase self-awareness through self-reflection, which both have been shown to reduce stress. Thus, I propose that the Photovoice process can help to reduce levels of stress through increases in social support and self-awareness in untreated patients with stress-induced depression aged 18-25 in low SES communities who do not have access to treatments for depression. A single-blind randomized controlled trial is proposed where the control group will only use the Photovoice technique for a day while the experimental group will undergo the entire Photovoice process over the course of six weeks. It is predicted that participants from low SES communities who undergo the entire Photovoice process through a six week process will yield reduced stress levels associated with stress-induced depression in comparison to the control group. Stress will be measured through cortisol levels from saliva samples along with blood pressure, skin conductance responses to traumatic material and a stress symptom scale. The Photovoice process will be tested as a stress-reduction method for untreated participants from low SES communities dealing with symptoms associated with stress-induced depression until depression treatments become readily available in these communities.
- Stress Reduction,
- Stress-Induced Depression
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/adedayo_okubadejo/1/