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An Assessment of River Usuma Water Quality for Livestock Consumption in Gwagwalada Town, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
Abuja Journal of Geography and Development (2016)
  • Dr Ishaya S Geography and Environmental Management Department, University of Abuja, Nigeria
Abstract
This study centres on ascertaining the suitability of River Usuma water for livestock consumption in Gwagwalada town of the FCT. Two water samples were collected from River Usuma within the town and downstream of the town using clean plastic bottles. The bottles were thoroughly washed with the sample water collected. The microbial and physiochemical components of the water samples were analyzed at Ahmadu Bellow University (ABU), Department of Chemistry Water Analysis Laboratory. Based on WHO standard. Findings of the study shows thatChloride, Amonica Nitrogen, Nitrate, Sodium, Copper Lead, Calcium, Sulphate and pH have concentration within the permissive level for livestock consumption both upstream and downstream. Water turbidity and iron content is unsuitable for livestock consumption downstream but consumable upstream. Manganes and Cadmium concentration in the water upstream and downstream is above the suitability level for livestock consumption.  Staphylococcus Aureus,Nitrobacteria spp, Bacillus sppand Salmonellatyphi, were observed upstream and downstream of River Usuma. Klebsiella spp and Eschlerichia Coli were observed only in the downstream of the river while Nitococcus spp was observed upstream of the river. Mucor, AspergillusNiger, Nigrospora spp, Aspergillusflavus, and Microspurum in the sample water was observed and harmful for cattle consumption both upstream and downstream. Rhizopus and Coccidiodes were observed only downstream of the river. Generally findings on microbial and physiochemical components water samples depicts unsuitability of the water for livestock consumption.
Keywords
  • Water Quality,
  • River Usuma,
  • Gwagwalada,
  • Livestock consumption
Publication Date
Winter January 3, 2016
Citation Information
Ishaya S Geography and Environmental Management Department, University of Abuja, Nigeria. "An Assessment of River Usuma Water Quality for Livestock Consumption in Gwagwalada Town, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria" Abuja Journal of Geography and Development Vol. 4 Iss. 1 (2016) p. 38 - 51
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/abujajournalofgeographyanddevelopment_geographyandenvironmentalmanagementdepartment/15/
Creative Commons license
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY International License.