Skip to main content
A Theory of Universal Democracy
Wisconsin International Law Journal (1997)
  • Ali Khan, Washburn University

A Theory of Universal Democracy develops the concept of Free State as a democratic state in which the government is periodically elected by universal and equal suffrage. Building on this minimal procedural foundation, Universal Democracy develops a comprehensive theory of government - derived from universal values that shape the core of human civilization. Every Free State, regardless of its geographical location and historical origin, is obligated to preserve, promote and implement universal values. However, Universal Democracy is not limited to secular liberal democracy, though the latter is compatible with Universal Democracy. Separation of church and state, free markets, and Westernized individual rights are not required to be part of Free State. Accordingly, Free State may institute religious systems, strong structures of distributive justice, and communitarian values under which individuals do not assert self-centered rights and powers.

Publication Date
Citation Information
Ali Khan. "A Theory of Universal Democracy" Wisconsin International Law Journal Vol. 16 Iss. 1 (1997)
Available at: