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Presentation
The mediation of insulin on combined effects of fetal astrocytic hypoxia and zinc.
Research Day
  • Dakita Mack, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Abigail Hielscher, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Harold Komiskey, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Location
Georgia
Start Date
12-5-2015 1:00 PM
Disciplines
Description

Astrocytes, known for their role in maintaining CNS homeostasis, are also involved in many pathological conditions. Hypoxia, a common complication of maternal Diabetes Mellitus, is among the traumas alleviated by astrocytes. Zinc maintains a considerable presence in the brain, yet in physiological conditions high zinc concentration poses no threat to proper cell functioning. However, when combined with hypoxic assault, zinc can lead to astrocytic stress and cell death. Two sets of day-18 hippocampal rat primary astrocytes were pre-treated with insulin before adding zinc sulfate; one set was then placed in a hypoxia chamber to compare against the normoxic set. Various laboratory assays to quantify NF-κB and complement component 3 (C3) were used to assess inflammatory stress of the cells. The hypoxic cell sets support a trend of higher insulin levels leading to lower release of the inflammatory markers. Amongst relatively consistent cell viability across all samples, insulin appeared to have a protective role against hypoxic assault, with or without zinc.

Citation Information
Dakita Mack, Abigail Hielscher and Harold Komiskey. "The mediation of insulin on combined effects of fetal astrocytic hypoxia and zinc." (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/abigail_hielscher/10/