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Article
Impact of using PEM Forklifts on Manufacturing Layouts
Proceedings of the ASME/ISCIE International Symposium on Flexible Automation (2012, St. Louis, MO)
  • Abhijit Gosavi, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Suzanna Long, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Scott Erwin Grasman, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Sean Michael Schmidt
Abstract

The popularity of forklifts that use fuel cells based on proton exchange membranes (PEMs) has steadily increased with time in manufacturing industries and distribution centers. Because they potentially reduce our dependence on fossil fuels that emit carbon dioxide while generating energy, they have certain environmental benefits in comparison to forklifts driven by lead-acid batteries that are typically charged using regular sources of energy. In this paper, we study the impact of using PEM forklifts on material-handling costs and lead times, which are commonly used in measuring the cost-effectiveness of a manufacturing system's layout. We report some initial findings in this paper. In general, we find that layouts designed for PEM forklifts tend to have lower material-handling costs, improved closeness ratings, and higher area utilization, while the shop-floor lead times tend to be shorter, leading to lower inventory and higher flexibility in responding to fluctuations in customer demand. Overall, PEM forklifts may hence improve the health of the supply chain of the product by making it more flexible and cost-effective.

Meeting Name
ASME/ISCIE International Symposium on Flexible Automation (2012: Jun. 18-20, St. Louis, MO)
Department(s)
Engineering Management and Systems Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
  • Carbon Dioxide,
  • Charging (Batteries),
  • Cost Effectiveness,
  • Manufacture,
  • Materials Handling,
  • Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC),
  • Supply Chains,
  • Area Utilization,
  • Customer Demands,
  • Distribution Centers,
  • Environmental Benefits,
  • Manufacturing Industries,
  • Shop Floor,
  • Sources Of Energy,
  • Materials Handling Equipment
International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
9780791845110
Document Type
Article - Conference proceedings
Document Version
Citation
File Type
text
Language(s)
English
Rights
© 2012 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), All rights reserved.
Publication Date
6-1-2012
Citation Information
Abhijit Gosavi, Suzanna Long, Scott Erwin Grasman and Sean Michael Schmidt. "Impact of using PEM Forklifts on Manufacturing Layouts" Proceedings of the ASME/ISCIE International Symposium on Flexible Automation (2012, St. Louis, MO) (2012) p. 369 - 374
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/abhijit-gosavi/10/