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Article
Effect of chlorhexidine skin prep and subcuticular skin closure on post-operative infectious morbidity and wound complications following cesarean section
Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Sara Tikkanen, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
  • Anna Button, University of Iowa
  • Gideon Zamba, University of Iowa
  • Abbey J Hardy-Fairbanks, University of Iowa
Peer Reviewed
1
Publication Date
7-3-2013
Abstract

Abstract:

Background: The obstetrical department at University of Iowa implemented several interventions at reducing post-operative infections and wound complication rates following a cesarean delivery. We implemented subcuticular closure of the skin following all cesarean sections in February of 2011 and switched from a povidone/iodine skin prep to a chlorhexidine-alcohol prep April 19th 2011. Based on prior studies, we hypothesized a 50% reduction in post cesarean wound complications

Objective:

To determine if changes in skin prep type and closure method decreases post-operative infectious morbidity and wound complications.

Methods:

The study reviewed charts of women who underwent a cesarean section between 7/1/2010 and 12/31/2010 compared to those that underwent a cesarean section between 4/19/2011 and 9/7/2011. A total of 568 charts were reviewed. Women were divided into two groups; the control group included those who had a povidone/iodine skin prep and staple closure, the intervention group included those women who had chlorhexidine skin prep and skin closure with subcuticular suture.

Results:

A total of 568 charts were reviewed and 190 control (iodine/staples) subjects and 139 intervention (chlorhexidine-alcohol/suture) subjects were identified. We found no statistical difference in the overall wound complication rates between the control and intervention groups, 22.1% vs 17.4% (p.22). We did however find a significant decrease in wound separation rates: 8.4% vs 3% (p.014) Analysis showed significant risk factors for infectious morbidity and wound separation to be labor prior to surgery (p

Conclusion:

In our population the implementation of a chlorhexidine skin prep and closure of the skin with a subcuticular suture did not decrease overall infectious morbidity, it did however decrease our wound separation rate.

Keywords
  • Cesarean section,
  • infection,
  • wound separation,
  • suture,
  • staples
Total Pages
10
Financial Disclosure
The authors report no conflict of interest.
Rights
Copyright © Sara Tikkanen, Anna Button, Gideon Zamba, Abbey J. Hardy-Fairbanks, 2013.
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Citation Information
Sara Tikkanen, Anna Button, Gideon Zamba and Abbey J Hardy-Fairbanks. "Effect of chlorhexidine skin prep and subcuticular skin closure on post-operative infectious morbidity and wound complications following cesarean section" (2013) p. 1 - 10 ISSN: 2154-4751
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/abbey_hardy-fairbanks/4/