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An extremely luminous panchromatic outburst from the nucleus of a distant galaxy
Science (2011)
  • A. J. Levan, University of Warwick
  • N. R. Tanvir, University of Leicester
  • S. B. Cenko, University of California, Berkeley
  • D. A. Perley, University of California, Berkeley
  • K. Wiersema, University of Leicester
  • J. S. Bloom, University of California, Berkeley
  • A. S. Fruchter, Space Telescope Science Institute
  • A. de Urgarte Postigo, University of Copenhagen
  • P. T. Butler, University of California, Berkeley
  • A. J. van der Horst
  • G. Leloudas, University of Copenhagen
  • A. N. Morgan, University of California, Berkeley
  • K. Misra, Space Telescope Science Institute
  • G. C. Bower, University of California, Berkeley
  • J. Farihi, University of Leicester
  • R. L. Tunnicliffe, University of Warwick
  • A. N. Morgan, University of California, Berkeley
  • K. Misra, Space Telescope Science Institute
  • G. C. Bower, University of California, Berkeley
  • J. Farihi, University of Leicester
  • R. L. Tunnicliffe, University of Warwick
  • M. Modjaz, Columbia University
  • J. M. Silverman, University of California, Berkeley
  • J. Hjorth
  • C. Thone
  • A. Cucchiara, University of California, Berkeley
  • J. M. Castro-Ceron
  • A. J. Castro-Tirado
  • J. A. Arnold
  • M. Bremer
  • J. P. Brodie
  • T. Carroll
  • M. C. Cooper, University of California, Irvine
  • P. A. Curran
  • R. M. Cutri, California Institute of Technology
  • J. Ehle
  • D. Forbes
  • J. Fynbo, University of Copenhagen
  • J. Gorosabel
  • J. Graham, Johns Hopkins University
  • D. I. Hoffman, California Institute of Technology
  • S. Guziy
  • P. Jakobsson, University of Iceland
  • A. Kamble, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
  • T. Kerr
  • M. M. Kasliwal, California Institute of Technology
  • C. Kouveliotou
  • D. Kocevski, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • N. M. Law, University of Toronto
  • P. E. Nugent, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • E. O. Ofek, California Institute of Technology
  • D. Poznanski, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • R. M. Quimby, California Institute of Technology
  • E. Rol, University of Amsterdam
  • Aaron J. Romanowsky, San Jose State University
  • R. Sanchez-Ramirez
  • S. Schulze, University of Iceland
  • N. Singh, University of Amsterdam
  • L. van Spaandonk
  • R.L.C. Starling, University of Leicester
  • R. G. Strom, University of Amsterdam
  • J. C. Tello
  • O. Vaduvescu
  • P. J. Wheatley, University of Warwick
  • J. M. Winters
  • R.A.M.J. Wijers, University of Amsterdam
  • D. Xu
Abstract

Variable x-ray and γ-ray emission is characteristic of the most extreme physical processes in the universe. We present multiwavelength observations of a unique γ-ray–selected transient detected by the Swift satellite, accompanied by bright emission across the electromagnetic spectrum, and whose properties are unlike any previously observed source. We pinpoint the event to the center of a small, star-forming galaxy at redshift z = 0.3534. Its high-energy emission has lasted much longer than any γ-ray burst, whereas its peak luminosity was ∼100 times higher than bright active galactic nuclei. The association of the outburst with the center of its host galaxy suggests that this phenomenon has its origin in a rare mechanism involving the massive black hole in the nucleus of that galaxy.

Publication Date
2011
Publisher Statement
This is the author’s version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science on 333, 2011, DOI: 10.1126/science.1207143.
Citation Information
A. J. Levan, N. R. Tanvir, S. B. Cenko, D. A. Perley, et al.. "An extremely luminous panchromatic outburst from the nucleus of a distant galaxy" Science Vol. 333 Iss. 6039 (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/aaron_romanowsky/38/