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The SLUGGS Survey: stellar masses and effective radii of early-type galaxies from Spitzer Space Telescope 3.6 μm imaging
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017)
  • Duncan A. Forbes, Swinburne University of Technology
  • Luciana Sinpetru, University of Edinburgh
  • Giulia Savorgnan, Swinburne University of Technology
  • Aaron J. Romanowsky, San Jose State University
  • Christopher Usher, Liverpool John Moores University
  • Jean P. Brodie, University of California Observatories
Galaxy starlight at 3.6 μm is an excellent tracer of stellar mass. Here we use the latest 3.6 μm imaging from the Spitzer Space Telescope to measure the total stellar mass and effective radii in a homogeneous way for a sample of galaxies from the SAGES Legacy Unifying Globulars and GalaxieS (SLUGGS) survey. These galaxies are representative of nearby early-type galaxies in the stellar mass range of 10 < log M*/M⊙ < 11.7 and our methodology can be applied to other samples of early-type galaxies. We model each galaxy in 2D and estimate its total asymptotic magnitude from a 1D curve-of-growth. Magnitudes are converted into stellar masses using a 3.6 μm mass-to-light ratio from the latest stellar population models of Röck et al., assuming a Kroupa initial mass function. We apply a ratio based on each galaxy's mean mass-weighted stellar age within one effective radius (the mass-to-light ratio is insensitive to galaxy metallicity for the generally old stellar ages and high metallicities found in massive early-type galaxies). Our 3.6 μm stellar masses agree well with masses derived from 2.2 μm data. From the 1D surface brightness profile, we fit a single Sérsic law, excluding the very central regions. We measure the effective radius, Sérsic n parameter and effective surface brightness for each galaxy. We find that galaxy sizes derived from shallow optical imaging and the 2MASS survey tend to underestimate the true size of the largest, most massive galaxies in our sample. We adopt the 3.6 μm stellar masses and effective radii for the SLUGGS survey galaxies.
  • galaxies: elliptical and lenticular,
  • cD,
  • galaxies: evolution,
  • galaxies: fundamental parameters,
  • galaxies: individual
Publication Date
February, 2017
Publisher Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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Citation Information
Duncan A. Forbes, Luciana Sinpetru, Giulia Savorgnan, Aaron J. Romanowsky, et al.. "The SLUGGS Survey: stellar masses and effective radii of early-type galaxies from Spitzer Space Telescope 3.6 μm imaging" Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Vol. 464 Iss. 4 (2017) p. 4611 - 4623 ISSN: 0035-8711
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