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Adaptation by Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to Bt Maize: Inheritance, Fitness Costs, and Feeding Preference
Journal of Economic Entomology
  • Jennifer L. Petzold-Maxwell, Iowa State University
  • Ximena Cibils, Iowa State University
  • B. Wade French, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Aaron J. Gassmann, Iowa State University
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We examined inheritance of resistance, feeding behavior, and fitness costs for a laboratory-selected strain of western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), with resistance to maize (Zea maize L.) producing the Bacillus thuringiensisBerliner (Bt) toxin Cry3Bb1. The resistant strain developed faster and had increased survival on Bt maize relative to a susceptible strain. Results from reciprocal crosses of the resistant and susceptible strains indicated that inheritance of resistance was nonrecessive. No fitness costs were associated with resistance alleles in the presence of two entomopathogenic nematode species, Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar. Larval feeding studies indicated that the susceptible and resistant strains did not differ in preference for Bt and non-Bt root tissue in choice assays.

This article is from Journal of Economic Entomology 105 (2012): 1407, doi:10.1603/EC11425.

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Jennifer L. Petzold-Maxwell, Ximena Cibils, B. Wade French and Aaron J. Gassmann. "Adaptation by Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to Bt Maize: Inheritance, Fitness Costs, and Feeding Preference" Journal of Economic Entomology Vol. 105 Iss. 4 (2012) p. 1407 - 1418
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