Skip to main content
Article
Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing
Scientific Reports
  • Hjalmar S. Kühl, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Ammie K. Kalan, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Mimi Arandjelovic, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Floris Aubert, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Lucy D’Auvergne, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Annemarie Goedmakers, Chimbo Foundation, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Sorrel Jones, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Laura Kehoe, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Sebastien Regnaut, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Alexander Tickle, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Els Ton, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Joost van Schijndel, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Ekwoge E. Abwe, Ebo Forest Research Project, Messa, Cameroon
  • Samuel Angedakin, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Anthony Agbor, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Emmanuel Ayuk Ayimisin, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Emma Bailey, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Mattia Bessone, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Matthieu Bonnet, The Aspinall Foundation, Port Lympne Wild Animal Park, Hythe, Kent, UK
  • Gregory Brazolla, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Valentine Ebua Buh, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Rebecca Chancellor, West Chester University of Pennsylvania
  • Chloe Cipoletta, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Heather Cohen, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Katherine Corogenes, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Charlotte Coupland, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Bryan Curran, The Aspinall Foundation, Port Lympne Wild Animal Park, Hythe, Kent, UK
  • Tobias Deschner, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Karsten Dierks, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Paula Dieguez, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Emmanuel Dilambaka, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Orume Diotoh, Korup Rainforest Conservation Society, South West Region, Cameroon
  • Dervla Dowd, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Andrew Dunn, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Henk Eshuis, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Rumen Fernandez, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Yisa Ginath, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • John Hart, Lukuru Foundation, Kinshasa, DRC
  • Daniela Hedwig, The Aspinall Foundation, Port Lympne Wild Animal Park, Hythe, Kent, UK
  • Martijn Ter Heegde, WWF Cameroon Country Office, Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • Thurston Cleveland Hicks, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Inaoyom Imong, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Kathryn J. Jeffery, Agence National des Parcs Nationaux, Libreville, Gabon
  • Jessica Junker, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Parag Kadam, University of Cambridge
  • Mohamed Kambi, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Ivonne Kienast, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Deo Kujirakwinja, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Kevin Langergraber, Arizona State University at the Tempe Campus
  • Vincent Lapeyre, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Juan Lapuente, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Kevin Lee, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Vera Leinert, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Amelia Meier, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Giovanna Maretti, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Sergio Marrocoli, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Tanyi Julius Mbi, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Vianet Mihindou, Agence National des Parcs Nationaux, Libreville, Gabon
  • Yasmin Moebius, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • David Morgan, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Bethan Morgan, Ebo Forest Research Project, Messa, Cameroon
  • Felix Mulindahabi, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Mizuki Murai, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Protais Niyigabae, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Emma Normand, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Nicolas Ntare, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Lucy Jayne Ormsby, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Alex Piel, Liverpool John Moores University
  • Jill Pruetz, Iowa State University
  • Aaron S. Rundus, West Chester University of Pennsylvania
  • Crickette Sanz, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Volker Sommer, University College London
  • Fiona Stewart, University of Cambridge
  • Nikki Tagg, KMDA, Centre for Research and Conservation, Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp
  • Hilde Vanleeuwe, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York
  • Virginie Vergnes, Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Leipzig, Germany
  • Jacob Willie, KMDA, Centre for Research and Conservation, Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp
  • Roman M. Wittig, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
  • Klaus Zuberbuehler, Université de Neuchâtel
  • Christophe Boesch, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
2-29-2016
Abstract

The study of the archaeological remains of fossil hominins must rely on reconstructions to elucidate the behaviour that may have resulted in particular stone tools and their accumulation. Comparatively, stone tool use among living primates has illuminated behaviours that are also amenable to archaeological examination, permitting direct observations of the behaviour leading to artefacts and their assemblages to be incorporated. Here, we describe newly discovered stone tool-use behaviour and stone accumulation sites in wild chimpanzees reminiscent of human cairns. In addition to data from 17 mid- to long-term chimpanzee research sites, we sampled a further 34 Pan troglodytes communities. We found four populations in West Africa where chimpanzees habitually bang and throw rocks against trees, or toss them into tree cavities, resulting in conspicuous stone accumulations at these sites. This represents the first record of repeated observations of individual chimpanzees exhibiting stone tool use for a purpose other than extractive foraging at what appear to be targeted trees. The ritualized behavioural display and collection of artefacts at particular locations observed in chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing may have implications for the inferences that can be drawn from archaeological stone assemblages and the origins of ritual sites.

Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
DOI
doi:10.1038/srep22219
Citation Information
Hjalmar S. Kühl, Ammie K. Kalan, Mimi Arandjelovic, Floris Aubert, et al.. "Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing" Scientific Reports Vol. 6 Iss. 22219 (2016) p. 1 - 8 ISSN: 2045-2322
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/aaron-rundus/1/