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Atomistic Description of Thiostannate-Capped CdSe Nanocrystals: Retention of Four-Coordinate SnS4 Motif and Preservation of Cd-Rich Stoichiometry
Journal of the American Chemical Society (2015)
  • Loredana Protesescu, ETH Zürich
  • Maarten Nachtegaal, Paul Scherrer Institute
  • Oleksandr Voznyy, University of Toronto
  • Olga Borovinskaya, ETH Zürich
  • Aaron J. Rossini
  • Lyndon Emsley, University of Lyon
  • Christophe Coperet, ETH Zürich
  • Detlef Gunther, ETH Zürich
  • Edward H. Sargent, University of Toronto
  • Maksym V. Kovalenko, ETH Zürich
Abstract
Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) are widely studied as building blocks for novel solid-state materials. Inorganic surface functionalization, used to displace native organic capping ligands from NC surfaces, has been a major enabler of electronic solid-state devices based on colloidal NCs. At the same time, very little is known about the atomistic details of the organic-to-inorganic ligand exchange and binding motifs at the NC surface, severely limiting further progress in designing all-inorganic NCs and NC solids. Taking thiostannates (K4SnS4, K4Sn2S6, K6Sn2S7) as typical examples of chalcogenidometallate ligands and oleate-capped CdSe NCs as a model NC system, in this study we address these questions through the combined application of solution 1H NMR spectroscopy, solution and solid-state 119Sn NMR spectroscopy, far-infrared and X-ray absorption spectroscopies, elemental analysis, and by DFT modeling. We show that through the X-type oleate-to-thiostannate ligand exchange, CdSe NCs retain their Cd-rich stoichiometry, with a stoichiometric CdSe core and surface Cd adatoms serving as binding sites for terminal S atoms of the thiostannates ligands, leading to all-inorganic (CdSe)core[Cdm(Sn2S7)yK(6y-2m)]shell (taking Sn2S76– ligand as an example). Thiostannates SnS44– and Sn2S76– retain (distorted) tetrahedral SnS4 geometry upon binding to NC surface. At the same time, experiments and simulations point to lower stability of Sn2S64– (and SnS32–) in most solvents and its lower adaptability to the NC surface caused by rigid Sn2S2 rings.
Publication Date
January 17, 2015
DOI
10.1021/ja510862c
Publisher Statement
Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Journal of the American Chemical Society,137(5); 1862-1874. Doi: 10.1021/ja510862c. Copyright 2015 American Chemical Society.
Citation Information
Loredana Protesescu, Maarten Nachtegaal, Oleksandr Voznyy, Olga Borovinskaya, et al.. "Atomistic Description of Thiostannate-Capped CdSe Nanocrystals: Retention of Four-Coordinate SnS4 Motif and Preservation of Cd-Rich Stoichiometry" Journal of the American Chemical Society Vol. 137 Iss. 5 (2015) p. 1862 - 1874
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/aaron-rossini/7/