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Emerging Trendsin Rural Employment Structure and Rural Labor Markets in India
  • A Amarender Reddy
  • D Narasimha Reddy
  • Nagaraj N, ICRISAT
  • Bantilan MCS, ICRISAT
India is likely to continue for several decades as a country with the largest share of rural population in the world. Rural labor and the sources of their employment are not only predominantly informal but also not very productive in nature, and often spread across several activities. Though estimates of visible unemployment are very low, under-employment is widely prevalent. Rural employment, which was for a long time considered as equal to employment in agriculture, is no longer true. During the last two decades there have been rapid changes in the structure of rural employment, and rural non-farm employment has been growing at a faster pace and there are significant changes within the structure of non-farm employment. Notwithstanding these changes there is persistence of certain characteristics of unorganized informal rural labor, such as dependence on multiple activities for work, segmentation by gender and social groups, seasonal nature of work, and work which is temporary and vulnerable to low levels of earnings and high levels of persisting poverty. This paper maps out the broad contours of these dimensions of rural labor and identifies issues which need deeper analysis based on village level field data.
  • Labour Economics
Publication Date
Winter January 1, 2014
Citation Information
A Amarender Reddy, D Narasimha Reddy, Nagaraj N and Bantilan MCS. Emerging Trendsin Rural Employment Structure and Rural Labor Markets in India. HyderabadVol. 56 (2014)
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