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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF OCCUPATIONAL DIVERSIFICATION AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN ANDHRA PRADESH
(2003)
  • A Amarender Reddy
Abstract
The study examined occupational diversification among rural households in Andhra Pradesh. The specific objectives of the study are: (i) To examine the occupational structure of households in different regions of rural Andhra Pradesh (ii) To assess the level of unemployment, underemployment and poverty in different categories of households (iii) To find out various socio-economic factors affecting employment pattern in different regions and among households, and (iv) To suggest policy measures to reduce unemployment and underemployment. The study is based on National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) unit household data from its 50th and 55th rounds on employment and unemployment surveys for the periods 1993-94 and 1999-2000 respectively. Descriptive statistics, multinomial logit model and simple linear regression analyses were used to achieve above objectives. Among males 43 percent of total workforce engaged in self-employment in agriculture followed by casual labourer in agriculture (27%) and self-employment in industry (11%) in Andhra Pradesh. Among females 40 percent belongs to self-employed in agriculture and another 40 to percent to casual labourer in agriculture. About 9 percent were self-employed in industry. Casual labourer were mostly illiterate, belongs to schedule castes and living below poverty level. While most of the regular employed were rich and higher educated. Even though unemployment was high among higher educated, higher education helps in occupational diversification towards high remunerative non-agricultural sector in both sexes. Non-agricultural workers were having high wage earnings compared to agricultural worker. With the increase of educational level there was a corresponding increase in wage earnings for regular employed in non-agricultural workers, while for casual labourer in agriculture workers there was no corresponding increase in wage income to higher education. About 10% of children are workers. About 50% of females are engaged in other household activities (non-market). Imparting education to people should get priority with special focus on entrepreneurship development. Effective implementation of Minimum Wages Act is required. Women and other weaker sections encouraged in participation of non-agricultural activities.
Keywords
  • labor economics,
  • multinomial logit model,
  • india
Publication Date
2003
Publisher
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
Citation Information
A Amarender Reddy. AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF OCCUPATIONAL DIVERSIFICATION AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN ANDHRA PRADESH. New Delhi(2003)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/aamarender_reddy/2/