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Article
Efficacy of interventions to improve motor development in young children: a systematic review
Pediatrics
  • Annaleise M Riethmuller, University of Wollongong
  • Rachel A Jones, University of Wollongong
  • Anthony D Okely, University of Wollongong
Document Type
Journal Article
Publication Date
1-1-2009
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review evidence from controlled trials on the efficacy of motor development interventions in young children.

METHODS: A literature search of interventions was conducted of 14 electronic databases. Three reviewers independently evaluated studies to determine whether they met the inclusion criteria. Studies were compared on 5 components: design, methodologic quality, intervention components, efficacy, and alignment with the Consolidated Standard of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) and Transparent Reporting of Evaluation with Nonrandomized Designs (TREND) statements.

RESULTS: Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. More than half (65%) were controlled trials and delivered at child care settings or schools (65%). Three studies had high methodologic quality. Studies were ~12 weeks in duration and delivered by teachers, researchers, and students. Parents were involved in only 3 studies. Nearly 60% of the studies reported statistically significant improvements at follow-up. Three studies aligned with the CONSORT and TREND statements.

CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the limited quantity and quality of interventions to improve motor development in young children. The following recommendations are made: (1) both teachers and researchers should be involved in the implementation of an intervention; (2) parental involvement is critical to ensuring transfer of knowledge from the intervention setting to the home environment; and (3) interventions should be methodologically sound and follow guidelines detailed in the CONSORT or TREND statement.

RIS ID
30325
Citation Information
Annaleise M Riethmuller, Rachel A Jones and Anthony D Okely. "Efficacy of interventions to improve motor development in young children: a systematic review" Pediatrics Vol. 124 Iss. 4 (2009) p. e782 - e792
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/a_okely/18/