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Steady “Attractors” for forced flow of vapor condensing over a horizontal plate (problem in Cess and Koh) and their unsteady responses to initial disturbances and noise
ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Amruta V. Kulkarni, Michigan Technological University
  • Amitabh Narain, Michigan Technological University
  • Soumya Asimkumar Mitra, Michigan Technological University
Document Type
Conference Proceeding
Publication Date
Accurate steady and unsteady numerical solutions of the full 2-D governing equations – that model the film condensation of saturated vapor flowing over a horizontal plate (the problem of Cess [1] and Koh [2]) – are obtained and new results on the solutions’ unsteady response to disturbances are presented. The computations reveal important features of this classical condensing flow problem. The results highlight the scope and limitations of the well-known similarity solution given by Koh [2]. For the steady problem formulation, the paper discusses the similarities and differences between the solution obtained by solving the full 2-D governing equations and the one obtained semi-analytically by the similarity solution approach of Koh [2]. It is shown that the pressure variations in the vapor domain near the leading edge, though small, are important in deciding condensation dynamics (steady and unsteady) and cannot, in general, be neglected, as is the case with the similarity solution. For this shear driven flow, by considering the unsteady solutions, the paper finds that any initial guess leads to an unsteady solution which is attracted to a long-term steady solution (which is same as the solution as the steady problem). However, the attraction rates gradually diminish with increasing distance from the leading edge and decreasing inlet speed. The steady solutions for this external flow problem are generally found to be stable to initial disturbances at the interface or in the interior of the flow domain. However, since these flows can only be physically realized on suitable finite length portions of the plate, the issue of their stability and sensitivity to exit pressure disturbances and ever-present noise (through exit pressure or bottom plate) is also considered. For example, for the finite domain realization of this problem, it is found that the flows are stable to small initial disturbances to the nearly uniform value of exit pressure. These finite domain realizations of the flow are unique in the sense that they allow different non-uniform steady pressure prescriptions leading to different steady solutions – particularly near the exit zone. As a result, near the exit of a long plate, large unsteadiness is expected due to sensitivity to small exit pressure noise/fluctuations. The exit pressure noise for finite domain realization of these flows is expected because of practical difficulties in maintaining constant uniform pressures at downstream locations of the top and exit boundaries. It is shown that the transverse component of gravity does not affect the solution or its dynamic response except for the expected changes in the nature of hydrostatic pressure variations.
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Citation Information
Amruta V. Kulkarni, Amitabh Narain and Soumya Asimkumar Mitra. "Steady “Attractors” for forced flow of vapor condensing over a horizontal plate (problem in Cess and Koh) and their unsteady responses to initial disturbances and noise" ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (2007) p. 1543 - 1555
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