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A simple method to estimate the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve with right censored data
Statistical Methods in Medical Research (2016)
  • Liang Li
  • Tom Greene
  • Bo Hu
Abstract
The time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve is often used to study the diagnostic accuracy of a single continuous biomarker, measured at baseline, on the onset of a disease condition when the disease onset may occur at different times during the follow-up and hence may be right censored. Due to right censoring, the true disease onset status prior to the pre-specified time horizon may be unknown for some patients, which causes difficulty in calculating the time-dependent sensitivity and specificity. We propose to estimate the time-dependent sensitivity and specificity by weighting the censored data by the conditional probability of disease onset prior to the time horizon given the biomarker, the observed time to event, and the censoring indicator, with the weights calculated nonparametrically through a kernel regression on time to event. With this nonparametric weighting adjustment, we derive a novel, closed-form formula to calculate the area under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve. We demonstrate through numerical study and theoretical arguments that the proposed method is insensitive to misspecification of the kernel bandwidth, produces unbiased and efficient estimators of time-dependent sensitivity and specificity, the area under the curve, and other estimands from the receiver operating characteristic curve, and outperforms several other published methods currently implemented in R packages.
Publication Date
2016
Citation Information
Liang Li, Tom Greene and Bo Hu. "A simple method to estimate the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve with right censored data" Statistical Methods in Medical Research (2016)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/LiangLi-Biostatistician/6/