Combinatorial Bounds on Hilbert Functions of Fat Points in Projective Space
NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work accepted for publication by Elsevier. Changes resulting from the publishing process, including peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting and other quality control mechanisms, may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. The definitive version has been published in Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra, February 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpaa.2010.12.006
We study Hilbert functions of certain non-reduced schemes A supported at finite sets of points in PN, in particular, fat point schemes. We give combinatorially defined upper and lower bounds for the Hilbert function of A using nothing more than the multiplicities of the points and information about which subsets of the points are linearly dependent. When N = 2, we give these bounds explicitly and we give a sufficient criterion for the upper and lower bounds to be equal. When this criterion is satisfied, we give both a simple formula for the Hilbert function and combinatorially defined upper and lower bounds on the graded Betti numbers for the ideal IA defining A, generalizing results of Geramita-Migliore-Sabourin [GMS]. We obtain the exact Hilbert functions and graded Betti numbers for many families of examples, interesting combinatorially, geometrically, and algebraically. Our method works in any characteristic.
Susan Cooper, Brian Harbourne, and Zach Teitler. "Combinatorial Bounds on Hilbert Functions of Fat Points in Projective Space" Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra 215.9 (2011): 2165-2179.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/zach_teitler/7