Quantum-limited mass flow of liquid He-3
This is the pre-published version which is collected from arXiv. The published version is at http://ltp.aip.org/resource/1/ltpheg/v34/i4/p249_s1?isAuthorized=no
We consider theoretically the possibility of observing unusual quantum fluid behavior in liquid 3He and solutions of 3He in 4He systems confined to nanochannels. In the case of pure ballistic flow at very low temperature the conductance will be quantized in units of 2m2/h. We show that these steps should be sensitive to increases in temperature. We also use a random scattering matrix simulation to study flow with diffusive wall scattering. Universal conductance fluctuations analogous to those seen in electron systems should then be observable. Finally we consider the possibility of crossover to a one-dimensional system at sufficiently low temperature, where the system could form a Luttinger liquid.
G Lambert, G Gervais, and WJ Mullin. "Quantum-limited mass flow of liquid He-3" Low Temperature Physics 34.4-5 (2008): 249-253.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/william_mullin/18