Articles

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The University of Massachusetts Medical School Child Trauma Training Center (UMMS-CTTC) (with Jessica L. Griffin, Melodie Wenz-Gross, Toni M. Irsfeld, Heather Forkey, and Laurel Post), Psychiatry Information in Brief (2013)
 

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Ten year research update (2001-2010): evaluations for competence to stand trial (adjudicative competence) (with Michael H. Fogel, Wendy Schiffman, Denise L. Mumley, and Chad E. Tillbrook), Behavioral sciences and the law (2013)
 

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Commentary: civil commitment statutes--40 years of circumvention (with William H. Fisher), The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (2010)
 

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Police-induced confessions, risk factors, and recommendations: looking ahead (with Saul M. Kassin, Steven A. Drizin, Gisli H. Gudjonsson, Richard A. Leo, and Allison D. Redlich), Law and human behavior (2010)
 

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Police-induced confessions: risk factors and recommendations (with Saul M. Kassin, Steven A. Drizin, Gisli H. Gudjonsson, Richard A. Leo, and Allison D. Redlich), Law and human behavior (2010)
 

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Guidance for Improving Forensic Reports: A Review of Common Errors, Open Access Journal of Forensic Psychology (2010)
 

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The use of the MacCAT-CA with adolescents: an item response theory investigation of age-related measurement bias (with Jodi L. Viljoen and Kathleen L. Slaney), Law and human behavior (2008)
 

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Adolescent Offenders with Mental Disorders, The Future of Children (2008)
 

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Sex and race differences in mental health symptoms in juvenile justice: the MAYSI-2 national meta-analysis (with Gina M. Vincent, Anna Terry, and Steven M. Banks), Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2008)
 

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Mental Health Screening: Pennsylvania's Experience In Juvenile Detention (with Valerie Williams, Melissa Valentine, and Nicole Remsburg), Corrections Today (2008)
 

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Impact of Mental Health Screening with the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument (MAYSI-2) in Juvenile Detention (with Valerie F. Williams), Proceedings of the 20th Annual Research Conference, A System of Care for Children’s Mental Health: Expanding the Research Base (2008)
 

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Do childhood mental disorders cause adult crime, The American journal of psychiatry (2007)
 

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Gender differences in mental health symptoms among delinquent and community youths (with Elizabeth Cauffman, Frances J. Lexcen, Asha Goldweber, and Elizabeth P. Shulman), Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice (2007)
 

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Progress and perils in the juvenile justice and mental health movement, The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (2007)
 

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Prospects for remediating juveniles’ adjudicative incompetence (with Jodi L. Viljoen), Psychology, Public Policy and Law (2007)
 

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Teaching adolescents and adults about adjudicative proceedings: a comparison of pre- and post-teaching scores on the MacCAT-CA (with Jodi L. Viljoen, Candice L. Odgers, and Chad E. Tillbrook), Law and human behavior (2007)
 

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The classification of violence risk (with John Monahan, Henry J. Steadman, Paul S. Appelbaum, Edward P. Mulvey, Loren H. Roth, Pamela Clark Robbins, Steven M. Banks, and Eric Silver), Behavioral sciences and the law (2006)
 

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Appreciating Anorexia: Decisional Capacity and the Role of Values (with Paul S. Appelbaum), Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, 13, 293-297. (2006)
 

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Developmental Research and the Child Advocacy Process (with Laurence Steinberg), Child and Family Policy and Practice Review, 2, 3-7 (2006)
 

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Lessons Learned: Facilitating Mental Health Screening in Juvenile Justice Programs (with Valerie Williams), Psychiatry Issue Briefs (2006)
 

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Aggression toward forensic evaluators: a statewide survey (with Naomi Leavitt, Helene Presskreischer, and Patricia Maykuth), The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (2006)
 

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The competence-related abilities of adolescent defendants in criminal court (with Norman G. Poythress, Frances J. Lexcen, and Laurence Steinberg), Law and human behavior (2006)
 

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Between a rock and a soft place: developmental research and the child advocacy process (with Laurence Steinberg), Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53 (2005)
 

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Juvenile Court Clinical Services: A National Description (with Judith Quinlan), Juvenile and Family Court Journal (2005)
 

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An actuarial model of violence risk assessment for persons with mental disorders (with John Monahan, Henry J. Steadman, Pamela Clark Robbins, Paul S. Appelbaum, Steven M. Banks, Kirk Heilburn, Edward P. Mulvey, Loren H. Roth, and Eric Silver), Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) (2005)
 

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The empirical limits of forensic mental health assessment (with Gina M. Vincent), Law and human behavior (2005)
 

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Adolescents’ Competence to Stand Trial: Justice for Disabled and Immature Youths (with Gina M. Vincent), Psychiatry Issue Briefs (2005)
 

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Developing Mental Health Screening in Juvenile Justice (with Gina M. Vincent), Psychiatry Issue Briefs (2004)
 

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Violence and People with Mental Illness Served in the Public Mental Health System (with Charles W. Lidz, Karen Albert, and Kim Smith), Psychiatry Issue Briefs (2004)
 

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Identifying Subtypes of Civil Psychiatric Patients at High Risk for Violence (with Jennifer L. Skeem, Edward P. Mulvey, Paul S. Appelbaum, Steven M. Banks, Eric Silver, and Pamela Clark Robbins), Criminal Justice and Behavior (2004)
 

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A Multiple-Models Approach to Violence Risk Assessment Among People with Mental Disorder (with Steven M. Banks, Pamela Clark Robbins, Eric Silver, Roumen Vesselinov, Henry J. Steadman, John Monahan, Edward P. Mulvey, Paul S. Appelbaum, and Loren H. Roth), Criminal Justice and Behavior (2004)
 

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Therapeutic misconception in clinical research: frequency and risk factors (with Paul S. Appelbaum and Charles W. Lidz), IRB: Ethics and Human Research (2004)
 

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Therapeutic misconception and the appreciation of risks in clinical trials (with Charles W. Lidz, Paul S. Appelbaum, and Michelle Renaud), Social science and medicine (1982) (2004)
 

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Validity and structure of a self-report measure of youth psychopathy (with Frances J. Lexcen and Gina M. Vincent), Behavioral sciences and the law (2004)
 

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Subtypes of adolescent offenders: affective traits and antisocial behavior patterns (with Gina M. Vincent, Michael J. Vitacco, and Raymond R. Corrado), Behavioral sciences and the law (2003)
 

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Comorbid symptom patterns in female juvenile offenders (with Naomi E. Goldstein, David H. Arnold, Jennifer Weil, Constance M. Mesiarik, Dawn Peuschold, and Douglas Osman), International journal of law and psychiatry (2003)
 

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Juveniles' competence to stand trial: a comparison of adolescents' and adults' capacities as trial defendants (with Laurence Steinberg, Jennifer Woolard, Elizabeth Cauffman, Elizabeth Scott, Sandra Graham, Frances J. Lexcen, N. Dickon Reppucci, and Robert Schwartz), Law and human behavior (2003)
 

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Five year research update (1996-2000): evaluations for competence to stand trial (adjudicative competence) (with Denise L. Mumley and Chad E. Tillbrook), Behavioral sciences and the law (2003)
 

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Avoiding Expert Opinions on the Ultimate Legal Question: The Case for Integrity (with Chad E. Tillbrook and Denise L. Mumley), Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice (2003)
 

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Applicability of traditional and revised models of psychopathy to the Psychopathy Checklist: screening version (with Jennifer L. Skeem and Edward P. Mulvey), Psychological assessment (2003)
 

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Research ethics for mental health science involving ethnic minority children and youths (with Celia B. Fisher, Kimberly Hoagwood, Cheryl Boyce, Troy Duster, Deborah A. Frank, Robert J. Levine, Ruth Macklin, Margaret Beale Spencer, Ruby Takanishi, Joseph E. Trimble, and Luis H. Zayas), The American psychologist (2003)
 

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Using what we know about child maltreatment and delinquency, Children's Services: Social Policy, Research, and Practice (2002)
 

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Adolescent development and the measurement of juvenile psychopathy (with Daniel Seagrave), Law and human behavior (2002)
 

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Reply to Schafer: doing harm ethically, The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (2002)
 

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The relationship between criminal charges, diagnoses, and psycholegal opinions among federal pretrial defendants (with Robert E. Cochrane and Richard I. Frederick), Behavioral sciences and the law (2001)
 

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Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument for mental health needs of juvenile justice youths (with Richard Barnum, Kenneth E. Fletcher, Elizabeth Cauffman, and Dawn Peuschold), Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2001)
 

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From case management to court clinic: examining forensic system involvement of persons with severe mental illness (with William H. Fisher, Ira K. Packer, Melissa McDermeit, and Julie-Marie Brown), Mental health services research (2001)
 

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Violent thoughts and violent behavior following hospitalization for mental disorder (with Jeffrey Davis, Roumen Vesselinov, Paul S. Appelbaum, and John Monahan), Journal of consulting and clinical psychology (2000)
 

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Developing a clinically useful actuarial tool for assessing violence risk (with John Monahan, Henry J. Steadman, Paul S. Appelbaum, Pamela Clark Robbins, Edward P. Mulvey, Eric Silver, and Loren H. Roth), The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science (2000)
 

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Law and psychiatry: the changing face of juvenile justice, Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) (2000)
 

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A classification tree approach to the development of actuarial violence risk assessment tools (with Henry J. Steadman, Eric Silver, John Monahan, Paul S. Appelbaum, Pamela Clark Robbins, Edward P. Mulvey, Loren H. Roth, and Steven M. Banks), Law and human behavior (2000)
 

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Competence of depressed patients for consent to research (with Paul S. Appelbaum, Ellen Frank, Sandra M. O'Donnell, and David J. Kupfer), The American journal of psychiatry (1999)
 

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Juvenile offenders and mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology and Law (1999)
 
Measurement of Advance Directive and Medical Treatment Decision-Making Capacity of Older Adults (with Lori Frank, Michael A. Smyer, and Paul Applebaum), Journal of Mental Health and Aging (1999)
 

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Competence to consent to voluntary psychiatric hospitalization: a test of a standard proposed by APA. American Psychiatric Association (with Binyamin C. Appelbaum and Paul S. Appelbaum), Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) (1998)
 

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Violence by people discharged from acute psychiatric inpatient facilities and by others in the same neighborhoods (with Henry J. Steadman, Edward P. Mulvey, John Monahan, Pamela Clark Robbins, Paul S. Appelbaum, Loren H. Roth, and Eric Silver), Archives of general psychiatry (1998)
 

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The MacCAT-T: a clinical tool to assess patients' capacities to make treatment decisions (with Paul S. Appelbaum and Carolyn Hill-Fotouhi), Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) (1997)
 

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The Evolution of Adolescence: A Developmental Perspective on Juvenile Justice Reform (with Elizabeth S. Scott), Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1997)
 

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Five year research update (1991-1995): evaluations for competence to stand trial (with Deborah K. Cooper), Behavioral sciences and the law (1997)
 

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Capacities of hospitalized, medically ill patients to consent to treatment (with Paul S. Appelbaum), Psychosomatics (1997)
 

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The Competence of Adolescents as Trial Defendants, Psychology, Public Policy, and Law (1997)
 

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Communicating Violence Risk Assessments (with Alan Tomkins), American Psychologist (1996)
 

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Review of Instruments Assessing Parenting Competencies used in Child Custody Evaluations (with Michaela C. Heinze), Behavioral Sciences & the Law (1996)
 

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A national survey of hospital -and community-based approaches to pretrial mental health evaluations (with Joseph J. Cocozza, Henry J. Steadman, Alexander Greer, and William H. Fisher), Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) (1996)
 

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Constructing competence: formulating standards of legal competence to make medical decisions (with Jessica Wilen Berg and Paul S. Appelbaum), Rutgers law review (1996)
 
Establishing standards for criminal forensic reports: an empirical analysis (with R. Borum), The Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (1996)
 

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Comparison of standards for assessing patients' capacities to make treatment decisions (with Paul S. Appelbaum), The American journal of psychiatry (1995)
 

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The MacArthur Treatment Competence Study. II: Measures of abilities related to competence to consent to treatment (with Paul S. Appelbaum, Edward P. Mulvey, and Kenneth E. Fletcher), Law and human behavior (1995)
 

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The organization of pretrial forensic evaluation services: A national profile (with Joseph J. Cocozza, Henry J. Steadman, William H. Fisher, and Alexander Greer), Law and Human Behavior (1994)
 

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Structuring the debate about ethical predictions of future violence (with Paul S. Appelbaum), Law and human behavior (1993)
 

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Is it unethical to offer predictions of future violence (with Paul S. Appelbaum), Law and human behavior (1992)
 

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Standards in research: APA's mechanism for monitoring the challenges (with Elizabeth Baldwin, Peter David Blanck, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Nina R. Schooler, and Travis Thompson), The American psychologist (1991)
 

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The community competence scale: preliminary reliability and validity (with H. R. Searight and J. M. Oliver), American journal of community psychology (1983)
 

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On being ethical in legal places (with Patricia Anderten and Valerie Staulcup), Professional psychology (1980)
 

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Minors' consent to treatment: a developmental perspective (with Linda Vierling), Professional psychology (1978)
 

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Characteristics of institutionalized delinquents in conflict about their release, Journal of consulting and clinical psychology (1975)
 

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The action-thought dimension, social competence, and defense effectiveness, Journal of consulting and clinical psychology (1971)
 

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Test interference in a Rorschach-WAIS administration sequence (with Arnold Meadow), Journal of consulting psychology (1967)
 

Books

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Developing Statutes for Competence to Stand Trial in Juvenile Delinquency Proceedings: A Guide for Lawmakers (with Kimberly A. Larson and National Youth Screening & Assessment Project), Center for Mental Health Services Research Publications and Presentations (2011)
 

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Evaluation of Juveniles' Competence to Stand Trial (with Ivan Kruh), Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (2008)
 

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Foundations of Forensic Mental Health Assessment (with Kirk Heilbrun and Alan M. Goldstein), Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (2008)
 

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Evaluating Juveniles' Adjudicative Competence: A Guide for Clinical Practice, Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (2005)
 

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Mental Health Screening and Assessment in Juvenile Justice (with Gina M. Vincent and Daniel Seagrave), Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (2005)
 

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Double Jeopardy: Adolescent Offenders with Mental Disorders, Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (2004)
 

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Rethinking Risk Assessment: the MacArthur Study of Mental Disorder and Violence (with John Monahan, Henry J. Steadman, Eric Silver, Paul S. Appelbaum, Pamela Clark Robbins, Edward P. Mulvey, Loren H. Roth, and Steven M. Banks), Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (2001)
 

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Youth on Trial: A Developmental Perspective on Juvenile Justice (with Robert G. Schwartz), Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (2000)
 

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Assessing Competence to Consent to Treatment: A Guide for Physicians and Other Health Professionals (with Paul S. Appelbaum), Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (1998)
 

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Forensic Evaluation of Juveniles, Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (1998)
 

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Understanding Aggressive Behavior in Children (with Craig F. Ferris), Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (1998)
 

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Competency to Stand Trial Evaluations: A Manual for Practice, Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (1988)
 

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Evaluating Competencies: Forensic Assessments and Instruments, Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (1986)
 

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Juveniles' Waiver of Rights: Legal and Psychological Competence, Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (1981)
 

Contributions to Books

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Criminal Responsibility of Adolescents: Youth As Junior Citizenship (with Ido Weijers), Reforming Juvenile Justice (2009)
 

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Foreword: Handbook of Violence Risk Assessment and Treatment: New Approaches for Mental Health Professionals, Handbook of Violence Risk Assessment and Treatment: New Approaches for Mental Health Professionals (2009)
 

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Developmental Considerations for Forensic Assessment in Delinquency Cases (with Randy Borum), Forensic Psychology: Emerging Topics and Expanding Roles (2007)
 

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Forensic Psychology (with John C. Brigham), Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology. Vol. 1: The History of Psychology (2003)
 

Other

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Keynote Speaker Presentations: 5th Annual UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Research Retreat (video) (with Robert H. Brown Jr.), UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat (2014)
 

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The Cognitive Underpinnings of Bias in Forensic Mental Health Evaluations (with Tess M. S. Neal), Publications of Affiliated Faculty: Nebraska Public Policy Center (2014)
 

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Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice: A Guidebook for Implementation (with Gina M. Vincent and Laura S. Guy), Center for Mental Health Services Research Publications and Presentations (2012)
 

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Legal Questions about Juveniles’ Capacities, Psychiatry Publications and Presentations (2009)