The effect of endurance exercise on muscle force generating capacity of the lower limbs
The purpose of this study was to investigate the recovery of muscle force generating capacity (FGC) of the lower limbs following a session of cycle exercise (CE). Fourteen male cyclists (mean ± SD age 25± 4 yrs and V̇O2max 65.8 ± 5 ml.kg−1min−1) performed tests assessing lower limb muscle FGC at rest (pre-test). as well as 6 and 24 hrs following CE performed on a mechanically-braked cycle ergometer. The CE consisted of 30 min at a workload corresponding to the lactate (Dmax) threshold (±15 W), and four 60 s rides at 120 % V̇O2max with one min rest between each ride. At the completion of the CE a 6 or 24 hr recovery period was initiated, after which, each subject's muscle FGC was measured. The analysis of lower limb muscle FGC included, (1) 6 s all-out cycle test; (2) a maximal isokinetic leg extension at 60, 120 and 180°·s−1; and (3) a maximal concentric squat jump. Statistical analysis showed that compared to pre-test levels, a significant reduction in both isokinetic peak torque at 60°·s−1 and isoinertial maximum force occurred after 6 hrs of recovery. Although not significant, reductions also occurred at 6 hrs of recovery in isokinetic peak torque at 120 and 180°·s−1, as well as maximum rate of force development (RFD) during the squat jumps. No significant differences were observed between isokinetic peak torque, maximum force or RFD pre-test and following the 24 hr recovery period, indicating these tests had returned to normal by this time. No significant differences were found between peak power (PP) during the 6 s cycle test, pre-test and following either 6 or 24 hrs of recovery. These findings confirm earlier research that maximal voluntary strength is reduced for at least 6 hours following exhaustive dynamic exercise. The reduction in muscle FGC should be considered when resistance training is scheduled after endurance exercise.
Bentley, DJ, Zhou, S & Davie, AJ 1998, 'The effect of endurance exercise on muscle force generating capacity of the lower limbs', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 179-188.
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Publisher's version of article available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(98)80013-3
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