Proapoptotic ability of oncogenic H-Ras to facilitate apoptosis induced by histone deacetylase inhibitors in human cancer cells
More than 35% of human urinary bladder cancers involve oncogenic H-Ras activation. In addition to tumorigenic ability, oncogenic H-Ras possesses a novel proapoptotic ability to facilitate the induction of apoptosis by histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI). HDACIs are a new class of anticancer agents and are highly cytotoxic to transformed cells. To understand the connection between the selectivity of HDACIs on transformed cells and the proapoptotic ability of oncogenic H-Ras to facilitate HDACI-induced apoptosis, we introduced oncogenic H-Ras into urinary bladder J82 cancer cells to mimic an acquisition of the H-ras gene activation in tumor development. Expression of oncogenic H-Ras promoted J82 cells to acquire tumorigenic ability. Meanwhile, oncogenic H-Ras increased susceptibility of J82 cells to HDACIs, including FR901228 and trichostatin A, for inducing apoptosis. The caspase pathways, the B-Raf and extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway, p21Cip1 and p27Kip1, and core histone contents are regulated differently by FR901228 in oncogenic H-Ras–expressed J82 cells than their counterparts in parental J82 cells, contributing to the increased susceptibility to the induction of selective apoptosis. Our results lead us to a suggestion that HDACIs activate the proapoptotic ability of oncogenic H-Ras, indicating a potential therapeutic value of this new class of anticancer agents in the control of human urinary bladder cancer that has progressed to acquire oncogenic H-Ras
SHAMBHUNATH CHOUDHARY and Hwa-Chain Robert Wang. "Proapoptotic ability of oncogenic H-Ras to facilitate apoptosis induced by histone deacetylase inhibitors in human cancer cells" Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 6.3 (2007): 1099-1111.
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