FK228 and oncogenic H-Ras synergistically induce Mek1/2 and Nox-1 to generate reactive oxygen species for differential cell death
To investigate the mechanism behind the pro-apoptotic ability of oncogenic H-Ras to enhance FK228-induced apoptosis, we primarily used the 10T1/2-TR-H-Ras cell line, in which ectopic expression of oncogenic H-Ras(V12) is controlled by the addition of tetracycline into cultures, and secondarily used oncogenic H-Ras-expressing MCF10A cells in our studies. Our results showed the pro-apoptotic roles of Mek1/2 activation, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase 1 (Nox-1) elevation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in FK228-induced selective cell death of oncogenic H-Ras-expressing cells versus counterpart cells. We found that although Nox-1 elevation and ROS production played essential roles in oncogenic H-Ras-induced cell proliferation and morphological transformation, the expression of oncogenic H-Ras and FK228 treatment synergistically induced activation of Mek1/2. This activation resulted in differentially increased Nox-1 elevation and ROS production leading to selective cell death of oncogenic H-Ras-expressing cells versus counterpart cells. We also found that FK228 treatment induced mitochondrial ROS and Mek1/2 activation, bypassing Raf-1, to downstream Erk1/2, participating in the induction of selective cell death. Thus, the pro-apoptotic abilities of Mek1/2 and Nox-1 should be considered as potential targets in designing therapeutic protocols using FK228 to assure ROS-mediated cell death for treating cancer cells acquiring Ras activation.
SHAMBHUNATH CHOUDHARY, Kusum Rathore, and Hwa-Chain Robert Wang. "FK228 and oncogenic H-Ras synergistically induce Mek1/2 and Nox-1 to generate reactive oxygen species for differential cell death" Anticancer Drugs 21.9 (2010): 831-840.
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