Immigrant business enterprises: A classification framework conceptualization and test
This article proposes the Immigrant Business Enterprises Classification Framework to organize immigrant-owned businesses into categories associated with different levels of business integration into a host country's mainstream business community. The article applies the framework and reports the findings of structured face-to-face interviews with 199 Hispanic business enterprises (HBEs) in Indianapolis. The authors find Hispanic-owned businesses hold different characteristics depending upon the integration category in which they are classified; the findings suggest that to support immigrant entrepreneurship, governments, business development organizations, and researchers should address category-specific challenges, opportunities, and needs.
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Roberto Curci and Robert Mackoy. "Immigrant business enterprises: A classification framework conceptualization and test" Thunderbird International Business Review 52.2 (2010): 107-121.